For gym enthusiasts and bodybuilders, muscle building is one of the most important goals. While this mainly involves exercising, you are often required to choose and make decisions about your pieces of equipment, regimes, diet etc. Out of these, one of the major questions is whether to choose barbells vs dumbbells. Barbells are those weights which have a sturdy rod and two weighted discs attached externally on it. These weights are the ones mostly depicted in commercial media along with athletes and bodybuilders. Dumbbells, on the other hand, are smaller in size and are held one in each hand. These have specific weights either spherical or rectangular attached on either side internally.
Read on to understand more about each and ease your decision about your preferred equipment.
Barbells Vs Dumbbells- What's Better and muscular?
As explained earlier, a typical barbell is four to seven feet long and one inch thick. This equipment works best for compound movements, like squats, lunges, and deadlifts. However, it may also be used for individual exercises, for example, the preacher curl, wrist curl, barbell curl, and lying triceps extensions.
Just like Barbells, Dumbbells can be used for both individual as well as a set of exercises, from squats and deadlifts to hammer curls, seated calf raises and reverses flies. Additionally, because they allow unilateral movements, they are known to improve your form and correct muscle imbalances.
Now to solve the debate between barbells vs dumbbells we would look at several benefits sought after by people who use this equipment.
Muscle activation and mass gain:
Here, barbells are more effective as you simply keep adding your weights and incorporate progressive overload into your training. Barbells are also more convenient and easy to use than dumbbells when you are adding a lot of weight because just trying to get those heavy dumbbells from the floor to your chest can become an exercise in itself, wasting your energy even before the exercise begins.
Compared to dumbbells, barbells engage lesser stabilizer muscles and also allow body bodybuilders to lift 20% heavier weights. Furthermore, by using barbells several muscle groups are worked on simultaneously because the weight is evenly distributed. You have greater stability as you perform compound exercises and also because energy is not being wasted so you can lift more weight for each round.
However, the unnatural position of the wrists may cause additional pain and increase the chances of injury. On the other hand, dumbbells allow a greater range of motion and unrestricted movement of the wrists. The only drawback of using dumbbells, therefore, is that you can train only one arm at a time. In conclusion, barbells are a better choice for mass and strength gains compared to dumbbells.
Depending on the exercises both dumbbells and barbells can build great results. Thus, what exercise you choose is the main factor of deciding the magnitude of muscle activation, for example, individual exercises for the chest typically performed with dumbbells give greater results than compared to a set of exercises on both flat and inclining bench presses. When compared to barbells, dumbbells exhibit greater front deltoid activation which can lead to better muscle and strength gains in the long run. In this case, both types of equipment are equally effective for by step activity. Therefore the main goal should be the deciding factor between barbells vs dumbbells for example if the goal is to lift heavy weights then barbells should be opted for whereas if the goal is to activate more muscles, dumbbells should be the choice.
Range of motion
The range of motion in which training is performed directly affects the mass build and strength. As discussed above, a partial range of motion translates to less micro damage which is usually the case with barbells. Dumbbells are a better choice because they provide a greater range of motion and allow the arms to move more since dumbbells require greater stabilization than barbells and thus activate more muscle fibres.
While exercising with barbells requires the muscles of both sides of a body at the same time, dumbbells allow you to perform unilateral movements which helps build muscle symmetry and correct strength in balance. Using dumbbells help in muscle imbalances and if you are facing strength imbalances using a barbell can lead to injuries. Thus, in this case, if you have the core muscles and want to prevent the strength imbalances, dumbbells would be the preferred choice.
In barbells vs dumbbells, Dumbbells get extra points for safety because dumbbell training is easy on the joints and allows for more natural movement. It is thus, the wider opted-for equipment for training by men and women of all ages. This is also the reason which makes it ideal for beginners as well as for trying new exercises. Furthermore, when using barbells most of the exercises require a supporter for the sake of safety but with dumbbells, there is no such requirement as you are the one who is in full control of the movement. While both dumbbells and barbells can be used for a wide range of exercises, dumbbells can substitute barbells for most of the exercises.
Barbells Vs Dumbbells: The Ultimate winner
To conclude the benefits of both the equipment, here is a list of their advantages.
- Allow lifting heavier weights
- Ease addition of weights in a progressive manner
- Help conserve energy for more reps
- Allow a greater range of motion
- Help create muscular symmetry
- Are easier on wrists and more secure.
Thus, while both of them have their advantages and disadvantages, using a set of both these types of equipment would be the most helpful. However, it is important to note that for beginners, dumbbells are preferred and for heavy weight lifters, barbells are preferred.