The drinking water needs to be clean and devoid of any germs or allergens or harmful chemicals. That is because polluted or impure water can cause serious health problems. Because of this water filtration machines exist. There are different water filtration techniques like chloramine technique, UV r at the technique or RO technique. RO or reverse osmosis water purifiers have taken the world captivated with its efficiency. It is one of the most used water filters in both domestic and industrial area. Reverse Osmosis can easily remove all the physical and biological pollutants. That means you can easily remove all harmful particles, chemicals, salts, heavy metals, arsenic compounds, bacteria, microbes, spores, and other things.
But is the process full-proof? How does it work? Read this article to know hoe RO purifiers work and how safe is the water.
How does the RO purification process work?
This process is called reverse osmosis. In the osmosis process water travels from lower density to higher density through a membrane. But in reverse osmosis, the contaminated water(which is higher in density) is made to pass through a semi-permeable membrane. High pressure is used to complete this process. Hence, the water leaves the pollutants when it travels through the membrane. Since the pollutants are a little larger In molecular size, these get trapped in the membrane and it becomes purified. Reverse osmosis can easily remove all of the pollutants from the water. Hence, it is one of the safest processes of water purification. While domestic machines use a small membrane, the RO purifier plant needs to use a membrane that is both larger in size and highly efficient.
The RO purified water is completely safe to drink because the water is pure, clean and healthy. But you never come across a water purifier which uses simply Reverse osmosis. This is because RO removes nearly all the healthy minerals from the water. Hence, the water needs added minerals. That’s why all RO filters come with an extra step for adding minerals.
Besides that, RO purifiers also contain a TDS controller that balances the minerals in the rater. TDS is the small form of Total Dissolved Salts which are present in the water.
In RO purifier the water is filtered in two stages. In the first stage, the reverse osmosis process is done and the water is filtered. After this, the water passes through Ultra Violet membrane or separate Ultra Violet Init and a TDS controller unit. The UV unit removes the residual biological pollutants. Then the TDS unit adjusts the mineral level and adds some minerals so that it can be drunk.
There are many benefits of using industrial water treatment plants that use reverse osmosis-
These water treatment units provide a larger supply of purified water
Often industries need gallons of water daily for different purposes. In the case of hotels and offices and other public offices, they need to provide the purified water to the people who come there. In the case of some industries like medicine manufacturing or food and beverage producing units- purified water is essential to produce things. Industrial purifiers can purify a lot of water to one extent. Hence, it serves the purpose.
The plant helps to minimize wastage
Often water is produced as the residue in many industries. The industrial or purifiers use this water and make it drinkable. Hence, there is less waste.
Industrial water purifier saves water
Often, the residual water is drinkable. But without the filtration process, it is not possible. The commercial purifiers purify this residual water. Hence, less amount of water is wasted. This means the purifiers can help to save water.
Any purifying plant protects the environment
Industrial water purifiers remove the harmful chemicals and living components from the water. This is disposed of scientifically. Hence, the environment is protected and pollution is also at a minimal level.
Industrial RO purifiers keep a mass of people healthy
Industrial RO water plants are used to feed thousands of people. The water plants efficiently purify a large quantity of water and also makes in drinkable. This means the purifying plants protect a lot of people from water-borne disease and other health-related problems at one go. Hence the mass remains healthy.
Boosts productivity and economy
Industrial water purifying plants are used to purify a lot of eaters. These water purifiers are generally used in offices or business or industries where a lot of people come and go per day. If these people get purified water they remain healthy. Purified water also ensures that these people get sick less., Hence, they can work properly and this, in turn, boosts productivity and efficiency of working.
The productivity is increased, more work will be done and hence the economy will also get its boost too. That means commercial water treatment units indirectly boosts the economy.
It may seem a little bit difficult to understand. But industrial water purifiers are cost-effective. They may need an initial investment but can work properly for a long time with equal efficiency and hence reduces other additional costs.
Hence, industrial water treatment plants are great. In the case of RO water treatment units, proper Maintainance is needed to ensure that the plant works for many days. Here are some tips to maintaining an industrial RO purifier unit-
- A routine record must be kept for all the operating units of any Reverse Osmosis water treatment plant. This helps in checking if the plant is working properly or not. Experts tell that the record needs to be noted down after two or three hours.
- Since the unit filters a large quantity of water, special care needs to be taken about the filter element. It needs to be replaced after two to three months. In other words, water filtering
- The element should be replaced when the differential pressure of the inlet and outlet water becomes more than 0.06 Mpa.
- The RO membrane should be cleaned regularly because this membrane collects all the filtrates and can lose their efficiency with time.
- Servicing and supervising must be done regularly.
Therefore, RO purifiers are best because of thy filter the water properly. The water is safe to drink and there is also an extra TDS controller in the filtering unit that maintains the mineral level of the filtered water. But in the case of industrial water treatment plants, proper maintenance is needed because it caters to a large number of people.